Southern California Seismic Velocity Model Vertical Profiles
- 1 Southern California Velocity Models Evaluation Studies
- 2 Modifying the Geotechnical Layer
- 3 Vs and Q relations
- 4 Options for Generating Vertical Profiles
- 5 UCVM Website (prototype)
- 6 Converting UCVM Vertical profile Metadata
- 7 Accessing Docker Images
- 8 Docker Client software:
- 9 SCEC Community Fault Model w/ Hauksson Catalog
- 10 Related Entries
Southern California Velocity Models Evaluation Studies
Taborda et al., INFLUENCE OF THE SOURCE, SEISMIC VELOCITY, AND ATTENUATION MODELS ON THE VALIDATION OF GROUND MOTION SIMULATIONS
Evaluation of the southern California seismic velocity models through simulation of recorded events
- https://academic.oup.com/gji/article/205/3/1342/652962 (Taborda et al. 2016)
Y Lu, Y Ben-Zion, Validation of seismic velocity models in southern California with full-waveform simulations, Geophysical Journal International, Volume 229, Issue 2, May 2022, Pages 1232–1254,
Modifying the Geotechnical Layer
Kim Olsen's group has publish papers on how to modify the CVM-S4.26.M01 near surface properties to get a better fit to recorded ground motion records. His group recently published two companion papers in GJI:
One the study finds that a 700-1,000 m tapered GTL produces better results than a 350 m GTL for La Habra. The other paper is derived from his High-f efforts, a 0-5 Hz study on La Habra, where we quantify the effects on ground motions from topography, Q(f), and GTL using a source that Rob generated long time ago. Here, he advocates for a Qs=(0.075,1.0)Vs model. The papers were part of Kim's student Zhifeng Hu's PhD thesis.
Vs and Q relations
Among Kim Olsen's test models, the Qs=0.075 Vs model was optimal for frequencies lower than 1 Hz,
Qs=0.05 Vs seems to over-dampen a bit.
Options for Generating Vertical Profiles
- UCVM Website
This site can plot vertical profiles, and the images and data files can be downloaded. But it is interactive.
- UCVM plot vertical profile
UCVM (and UCVM docker images) have a plotting script that inputs a lat,lon, depth range, spacing, and model name, and outputs images, and data files. This is probably the simpliest way to retrieve a group of several hundred sites.
- UCVM ucvm_query
UCVM basic query is ucvm_query. Users creates and input file, that lists every query point (lat,lon,depth) and then call ucvm_query with the list of query points. This is the most basic way to query the CVMs for information.
UCVM Website (prototype)
All the currently available velocity models are registered into this webviewer. Select a velocity model of interest using the dropdown menu.
A menu selection asks if you want to query the model by elevation or by depth. Default for CVM-S4, CVM-S4.26, and CVM-S4.26.M01 are positive numbers below earth surface. If you query by elevation steps are positive above Mean Sea Level, and negative downward.
Converting UCVM Vertical profile Metadata
Both the UCVM website and ucvm plotting create png plots, and metadata files with the data being plotted. The metadata files can be difficult to interpret. SCEC has a Python3 script that combines.
Accessing Docker Images
Docker is a software system that enables users to run Linux software on Mac, Windows, and Linux systems. Science applications are distributed as "Docker Images" which include all the required software including the Operating system, compilers, and science software. Docker Images can be run using a free software called a Docker Client. Docker Client software is available for Mac, Windows, and Linux systems, and be downloaded for free from Docker:
Docker has largely replace "Virtual Box" technology which was used in the past to run Linux software on Mac and other systems.